Relevant Key words: ADHD Melbourne, ADHD Psychologist Bita Riazati Melbourne consulting rooms in Hawthorn – Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a medical label in the Diagnostic and Statistics Manual of Psychiatric Disorders (DSM-5) which is referring to a set of descriptors and symptoms often associated with cognitive and emotional processing problems that may arise for children or adults. Current Information processing and learning theories emphasize that information is elaborated, put into words and processed in various modes such as through “perception, labelling, attention and meaning making (interpretation)”.
The connectionist model, which emerged from numerous neuroscience studies, refers to a network of associations in the mind that are connected to various concepts. Current neuroscience theories state that information is stored simultaneously in different areas of the brain, and concepts are connected as a network. The number of connections to a single piece of information will influence the ease of retrieval. Moreover, attention has a limited capacity, so if there is something that has remained unprocessed, one might ruminate over it, using up even more attention and mental resources.
Sigmund Freud developed his technique of free association which accesses this network of associations that is connected to conscious and unconscious words, concepts and further associations. So therapy can help improve attention and emotions by working to place the issues inside a coherent life narrative. Because, “we experience our life as a story, of which we are both protagonists and narrators. For human beings, processing information involves organizing things such as events in a narrative form” – this is the work we do together in therapy. Therapy might help by ‘processing’ and working through to “integrate the event into our life’s narrative or pull the story out from under the weight and confusion of a trauma” which may be unconscious and only accessible through the work of free associations.
Attentional difficulties / ADHD can be misdiagnosed, since the symptoms often present and overlap with other mood problems and disorders. For example anxiety and mood issues can also slow cognitive processing. An ADHD Psychologist or ADHD specialist can assist in exploring these concerns. Furthermore, there are different ways in which attentional difficulties may manifest and create difficulties for each individual. Therefore, the earlier sessions with me focus on assessing and understanding your problems broadly by getting to know your family and developmental history (among other areas). This provides the context to our work, and is an important component of any psychological treatment.
Weekly therapy treatment sessions with an ADHD psychologist may assist in reducing stress, and supporting you in managing your day to day activities, by increasing your attentional capacity. Therapy may also give support to you to have greater clarity in your thoughts for making independent decisions rather than acting out on impulses. The treatment plan with me will be tailored to your individual needs. You will be given the opportunity to safety explore your anxieties regarding any aspect of your life that you feel you may need to speak about. In my clinical experience, this can produce the effect of freeing up the person’s cognitive resources and capacity for holding, learning as well as concentrating and perhaps tolerating one’s emotions better, or improve general social and occupational functioning over the course of treatment. Length of recommended treatment varies and we can discuss your individual and specific needs in our initial consultations and as our work develops over the subsequent sessions. ADHD Melbourne